Title: Distributed algorithms for a robust topology using reconfigurable radios wireless sensor networks

Authors: Yueshi Wu; Mihaela Cardei

Addresses: Department of Computer and Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA ' Department of Computer and Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA

Abstract: In traditional wireless sensor networks (WSNs) communicating on a single channel, the data throughput measured at the sink is constrained by radio capability, contentions, and collisions, which increase in the region closer to the sink. Using software defined radio (SDR) technology, the distributed algorithm radio-mode assignment (RMA) is used by sensor nodes to reconfigure their radio according to some predefined radio-modes, such that resulting topology is connected to the sink. This mechanism reduces interference and increases data delivery rate. In this paper, we extend RMA by adding two distributed algorithms to be used in the presence of a primary user. Sensor nodes operating on the same frequency as the primary user will reassign their radio-mode such that the resulting topology does not interfere with the primary user. We analyse the performance of our distributed algorithms using the ns-3 simulator.

Keywords: WSN; wireless sensor network; cognitive radio; RMA; radio-mode assignment; multi-radio sink; distributed algorithm; primary user; robust topology.

DOI: 10.1504/IJSNET.2017.085975

International Journal of Sensor Networks, 2017 Vol.24 No.4, pp.264 - 276

Received: 08 Nov 2015
Accepted: 18 Jan 2016

Published online: 21 Aug 2017 *

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