Authors: Mehdi Karbasian; Vahideh Tansaz
Addresses: Department of Industrial Engineering, Malek-e-Ashtar University of Technology, Shahinshahr, Isfahan, Iran ' Department of Industrial Engineering, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran
Abstract: One of the reasons for complexity seen in organisations is the increased communication levels among individuals. By forming groups with similar tasks, a general framework is developed for designing organisations. In the present article, by using design structure matrix (DSM), appropriate groups were developed inside organisational planning unit to show interactions among tasks of each typical group and the levels of inter-dependency among them. DSM has been already used for optimisation of products or scheduling projects, but in the present study, we applied this technique as a suitable tool for modelling and planning of inter-related tasks. The results of method of grouping include improving organisational structure, decreasing the complexity, and increased speed of organisational processes. Also, in the organisation, working groups cause the increased function, the improved inter-tasks of members, the increased innovation, creativity and flexibility. All the mentioned factors lead into intraorganisational effectiveness considering current complex environment.
Keywords: organisation; design structure matrix; DSM; grouping; working teams.
International Journal of Business Process Integration and Management, 2017 Vol.8 No.3, pp.214 - 221
Received: 29 Jun 2016
Accepted: 04 Jan 2017
Published online: 25 Jul 2017 *