Title: A reference decision model of first responders' decision-making

Authors: Tony Rosqvist; Denis Havlik; Merik Meriste

Addresses: Risk Management, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd., Vuorimiehentie 3, VTT 02044, Finland ' Safety and Security Department, AIT Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH., Donau-City-Strasse 1, Vienna, 1220, Austria ' Department of Computer Control, Tallinn University of Technology, Ehitajate tee 5, Tallinn, 19086, Estonia

Abstract: This paper introduces a generic decision model that connects three basic components in the response decision process: the stochastic information flow consisting of help requests and resource availabilities; situation awareness based on a spatiotemporal risk picture and response decisions allocating resources for response actions. The formalism utilised is the stochastic marked point process. The paper is written to support 'black-box' modelling of situation awareness in virtual training simulation, where a trainee's performance is compared with, e.g., the performance of experienced commanders with respect to key performance indicators (KPIs) obtained from such simulations. The paper also briefly discusses the use of the introduced decision model in developing agent-based models and simulations. It is also noted that the decision model encompasses the recognition-primed decision (RPD) model of naturalistic decision-making.

Keywords: response decision-making; situational risk awareness; common operational picture; emergency simulation; response simulation.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEM.2017.10005414

International Journal of Emergency Management, 2017 Vol.13 No.3, pp.193 - 209

Received: 08 Oct 2015
Accepted: 26 Jan 2016

Published online: 01 Jun 2017 *

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