Authors: Khairy Sayed; Hossam A. Gabbar
Addresses: Faculty of Energy Systems and Nuclear Science, University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT), Canada; Faculty of Engineering, Sohag University, Sohag, Egypt ' Faculty of Energy Systems and Nuclear Science, University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT), Canada; Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT), Canada
Abstract: This paper presents a supervisory controller for DC microgrid consists of a solar photovoltaic (PV) system, fuel cell, a supercapacitor and battery bank. The DC microgrid is proposed for more efficient resilient electricity distribution in a commercial building. The operation strategy of energy storage systems (ESS) is proposed to solve the power changes from PV array and building loads fluctuations locally, instead of reflecting those disturbances into the utility grid. Furthermore, the ESS energy management scheme will help to achieve the peak reduction of the building daily electrical load demand. The DC microgrid studied in this paper is interfaced with the battery bank by using a bidirectional DC-DC converter, whilst the building electrical AC load is interfaced to grid using DC-AC inverter. The control of the studied microgrid is designed as a method to improve microgrid resilience and incorporate renewable power generation and storage into the grid.
Keywords: smartgrid; distributed energy resources; DERs; DC microgrids; supervisory control; energy management.
International Journal of Process Systems Engineering, 2017 Vol.4 No.2/3, pp.99 - 118
Received: 03 Jul 2016
Accepted: 30 Sep 2016
Published online: 21 Jun 2017 *