Title: Social computing for internet addiction disorder analysis from a psychological perspective

Authors: Mu-Jung Huang; Mu-Yen Chen; Chin-Chun Cheng

Addresses: Department of Accounting, National Changhua University of Education, No. 2, Shi-Da Road, Changhua 50058, Taiwan ' Department of Information Management, National Taichung University of Science and Technology, No. 129, Sec. 3, San-Min Road, Taichung City 40444, Taiwan ' Department of Information Management, National Changhua University of Education, No. 2, Shi-Da Road, Changhua 50058, Taiwan

Abstract: This study adopts needs theory and affective ambivalence to explore how people obtain psychological satisfaction through internet usage, and to explore how such usage behaviour can lead to the development of a sense of dependence. Few previous studies have incorporated these four perspectives. Data mining techniques are used to identify association rules between needs theory, affective ambivalence, internet use behaviour and internet addiction. This study distributed paper-based and electronic questionnaires, receiving a total of 502 valid responses for a valid response rate of about 88%. From the affective ambivalence perspective, we found that emotional state varies with behaviour and age, leading to different patterns of personal expression and creativity. In addition, empirical results show our findings are consistent with Maslow's hierarchy of needs in that people only seek to address their higher-order needs once their lower-order needs are satisfied. Thus, once internet users have satisfied their needs for security, their attention then turns to demands for social interaction and self-esteem.

Keywords: internet addiction; affective ambivalence; needs theory; internet use behaviour; association rules.

DOI: 10.1504/IJAHUC.2017.083480

International Journal of Ad Hoc and Ubiquitous Computing, 2017 Vol.25 No.1/2, pp.31 - 40

Received: 26 May 2015
Accepted: 20 Sep 2015

Published online: 08 Apr 2017 *

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