Authors: Anqi Wang; Enyan Wang; Xiangyang Li
Addresses: School of Management, Harbin Institute of Technology, Weihai, SD 631, China ' School of Management, Harbin Institute of Technology, Weihai, SD 631, China ' School of Management, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, Heilongjiang, HL 451, China
Abstract: Effectively sharing information and coordinating among multiple organisations has long posed a significant challenge, especially in the complexities of a disaster rescue situation. This paper focuses on the study of fulfilling emergency response information-sharing among multiple organisations participating in emergency rescue activities, with the aim of formulating and coordinating rescue plans in the task-planning phase. A functional framework of emergency response support system (ERSS) is proposed, on the basis of related studies in this area. Rapid information-sharing relies on the standard data model and flexible communication mechanism, and the mechanism's effectiveness and flexibility mainly depend on the fusion of multiple emergency response methods and rescue plans. This paper details the process of fusion between response methods and implementation steps. A comprehensive plan is unified in view of extensive optimisation. Finally, the formulation of a rescue plan is validated through a prototype system evaluation.
Keywords: emergency response; information sharing; task planning; information fusion; multi-subject coalitions; emergency management; multiple organisations; rescue operations; disaster response; emergency rescue; coordination; rescue plans; support systems; standard data model; flexible communication; optimisation.
International Journal of Emergency Management, 2017 Vol.13 No.2, pp.117 - 130
Received: 29 Jan 2015
Accepted: 28 Oct 2015
Published online: 06 Mar 2017 *