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Title: Measuring the impact of knowledge sourcing and cooperation on innovation success: some empirical evidence from Turkey

Authors: Clémentine Fry; Anne-Laure Mention; Serdal Temel; Marko Torkkeli

Addresses: INFPC – Observatoire de la Formation, 12-14 Avenue Emile Reuter, L-2420 Luxembourg, Luxembourg ' Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology, Avenue des Hauts-Fourneaux, Belval, Luxembourg; School of Management (HEC), University of Liege, Belgium; Tampere University of Technology, 33720 Tampere, Finland ' Ege University Department of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Ege University Science and Technology Centre, 35100 Bornova, Izmir, Turkey ' Lappeenranta University of Technology, Prikaatintie 9, FI-45100 Kouvola, Finland

Abstract: Innovation rarely occurs in isolation, and firms increasingly exploit cooperation strategies to increase their innovation propensity and performance. Empirical research concentrating on the breadth of cooperation practices, as well as the variety of objectives pursued in the context of innovation strategies remains scarce, and even more so for emerging economies. This paper aims to contribute to this literature stream by providing empirical evidence on the impact of the breadth of cooperation and innovation goals on innovation performance in Turkey. Results show that having six types of cooperation leads to the highest marginal effects on the innovation success while the probability to innovate is more determined by the objectives pursued rather than by cooperation itself.

Keywords: external information sourcing; innovation breadth; emerging economies; probit; Tobit; CIS data; innovation propensity; Turkey; innovation performance; knowledge sourcing; cooperation strategies; innovation success; innovation performance.

DOI: 10.1504/IJTIS.2016.081563

International Journal of Transitions and Innovation Systems, 2016 Vol.5 No.1, pp.46 - 65

Received: 05 Mar 2016
Accepted: 09 Aug 2016

Published online: 13 Jan 2017 *

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