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Title: Emulating models of good governance: learning from the developments of the world's least corrupt countries

Authors: Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko

Addresses: School of Management, University of Tampere, FI-33014 University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland

Abstract: This article discusses three success stories of good governance, those in Finland, New Zealand and Singapore, and their ability to serve as benchmarks or models for developing countries seeking to eradicate corruption. The analysis shows that Finland and New Zealand are evolutionary cases with low-profile anti-corruption policies, whereas Singapore is a revolutionary case with an array of institutionalised anti-corruption measures providing a fast track to good governance. At first glance the latter case may appear appealing to developing countries, but in the current economic situation the case of Singapore is difficult to replicate as diminishing growth prospects undermine the viability of this option. In this sense the balance naturally leans towards the evolutionary 'social change' model, which is a cost-effective though slow path towards good governance. Whatever the preferred development path, it is vital that developing countries emulate and adapt success stories on their own terms. This ensures a sufficient degree of ownership and justification for the context-sensitive adjustment, dissemination and implementation of new ideas for controlling corruption.

Keywords: good governance; clean government; transparency; corruption; anti-corruption policy; ethics management; developing countries; reform; social change; Finland; New Zealand; Singapore; least corrupt countries.

DOI: 10.1504/IJPP.2017.081043

International Journal of Public Policy, 2017 Vol.13 No.1/2, pp.21 - 35

Available online: 05 Dec 2016 *

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