Authors: Sameer Tilak, Nael B. Abu-Ghazaleh, Wendi Heinzelman
Addresses: Computer System Research Laboratory, Department of CS, Binghamton University, Binghamton, NY 13902 6000, USA. ' Computer System Research Laboratory, Department of CS, Binghamton University, Binghamton, NY 13902 6000, USA. ' Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627 0126, USA
Abstract: In this paper, we consider a class of sensor networks where the data is not required in real-time by an observer; for example: a sensor network monitoring a scientific phenomenon for later play back and analysis. In such networks, the data must be stored in the network. Thus, in addition to battery power, storage is a primary resource; the useful lifetime of the network is constrained by its ability to store the generated data samples. We explore the use of collaborative storage techniques to efficiently manage data in storage constrained sensor networks. The proposed collaborative storage technique takes advantage of spatial correlation among the data collected by nearby sensors to significantly reduce the size of the data near the data sources. In addition, local coordination can be used to adjust the sampling rate to match the required application fidelity. We show that the proposed approach provides significant savings in the size of the stored data vs. local buffering. These savings allow the network to operate for a longer time without exhausting storage space. Furthermore, the savings reduce the amount of data that will eventually be relayed in response to queries or upon eventual collection of the data. In addition, collaborative storage performs load balancing of the available storage space if data generation rates are not uniform across sensors (as would be the case in an event driven sensor network), or if the available storage varies across the network.
Keywords: sensor networks; collaborative storage management; data storage.
International Journal of Ad Hoc and Ubiquitous Computing, 2005 Vol.1 No.1/2, pp.47 - 58
Published online: 10 Nov 2005 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article