Title: Host country nationals' support to expatriates: an investigation in Turkey

Authors: Arup Varma; Zeynep Aycan; Pawan Budhwar; Shaun Pichler; Uğur Uygur; Rebecca Paluch

Addresses: Quinlan School of Business, Loyola University Chicago, Chicago, IL 60611, USA ' Department of Psychology, Koç University, Istanbul, Turkey ' Work & Organisational Psychology Group, Aston Business School, Aston University, Birmingham B4 7ET, UK ' Department of Management, Mihaylo College of Business & Economics, California State University, Fullerton, Fullerton, CA 92831, USA ' Quinlan School of Business, Loyola University Chicago, Chicago, IL 60611, USA ' School of Industrial and Labor Relations, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14850, USA

Abstract: Using data from 243 executives in Turkey, we investigate the relationship(s) between perceived values similarity, in-group/out-group categorisation, interpersonal effect and Host Country National (HCN) willingness to offer role information and social support to expatriates. Results of this study confirm that HCNs are more likely to offer support to expatriates whom they categorise as in-group, as well as to those who they perceive as holding similar values. In addition, our data suggest that Turkish HCNs are more likely to offer support to Indian expatriates as compared to expatriates from the USA, and to expatriates who are assigned to work as their supervisors rather than to expatriate subordinates. We discuss implications of our findings for multinational corporations and suggest future research ideas.

Keywords: HCNs; host country nationals; expatriates; in-groups; out-groups; role information; social support; Turkey; expats; expatriate support; perceived values; value similarity; interpersonal effect; role information; supervisors; subordinates; multinational corporations; MNCs.

DOI: 10.1504/EJIM.2016.079512

European Journal of International Management, 2016 Vol.10 No.6, pp.605 - 623

Received: 12 Nov 2014
Accepted: 15 Jan 2015

Published online: 30 Sep 2016 *

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