Title: The impact of expectations of returns and investment time scales on carbon price: findings from EU ETS

Authors: Zhen-Hua Feng; Bin Ouyang; Jie Guo

Addresses: China Academy of Transportation Sciences, Beijing 100029, China; Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China ' China Academy of Transportation Sciences, Beijing 100029, China ' China Academy of Transportation Sciences, Beijing 100029, China

Abstract: Carbon price fluctuations affect the carbon market's efficiency and CO2 emission reductions. In this paper, Zipf analysis technology is used to analyse the impact of expectations of returns and time scales on carbon price in the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS). Results show the probability of prices declining becomes greater than the probability of prices increasing at longer time scales. Traders with different expectations of returns have different price perceptions. For traders with low expectations of returns, carbon prices are affected by market mechanisms, seasonal weather variations and other heterogeneous events, and carbon price fluctuations are relatively well perceived. Carbon prices are more volatile and higher risks and uncertainties are more characteristic for high expectations of returns.

Keywords: carbon pricing; emissions trading; price volatility; return on investment; ROI; investment time scales; carbon emissions; EU ETS; European Union Emissions Trading Scheme; price fluctuations; carbon markets; price perceptions.

DOI: 10.1504/IJGEI.2016.079346

International Journal of Global Energy Issues, 2016 Vol.39 No.6, pp.382 - 393

Accepted: 22 Nov 2015
Published online: 17 Sep 2016 *

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