Authors: Easwaran Ravichandran; Bal Ram Singh
Addresses: Botulinum Research Center, Institute of Advanced Sciences, 78 Faunce Corner Mall Road, Suite 540, Dartmouth, MA 02747, USA ' Botulinum Research Center, Institute of Advanced Sciences, 78 Faunce Corner Mall Road, Suite 540, Dartmouth, MA 02747, USA
Abstract: Clostridium botulinum toxin is one of the potent and classic molecules known to this modern scientific research field. It has dualistic characters: on one hand it causes botulism by blocking release of acetylcholine at the cholinergic nerve endings and on the other hand the same toxin molecule when administered locally at sub-lethal dose relieves various neuromuscular disorders. If the toxin is used intentionally as an act of terrorism, FDA approved therapeutic agents would be needed to recover from the illness. In addition, to prevent from such situations in the future and to protect public from botulism, there is a strong need for a mucosal vaccine. Creating a multivalent mucosal vaccine delivery system would ease the burden at the time of delivery and reduce the cost.
Keywords: Clostridium botulinum; drug delivery; neurotoxins; toxicity; vaccines; mucosal vaccine; botulism.
The Botulinum Journal, 2015 Vol.3 No.1, pp.18 - 33
Received: 08 May 2021
Accepted: 12 May 2021
Published online: 29 Jun 2016 *