Title: A secured context-aware tourism recommender system using artificial bee colony and simulated annealing

Authors: Arup Roy; Madjid Tavana; Soumya Banerjee; Debora Di Caprio

Addresses: Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, India ' Business Systems and Analytics Department, Distinguished Chair of Business Analytics, La Salle University, Philadelphia, PA19141, USA; Business Information Systems Department, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, University of Paderborn, D-33098 Paderborn, Germany ' Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, India ' Department of Mathematics and Statistics, York University, Toronto, M3J 1P3, Canada; Polo Tecnologico IISS G. Galile, Via Cadorna 14, 39100, Bolzano, Italy

Abstract: Context-aware recommender systems have been developed to consider users' preferences in various contextual situations. While designing such systems, one immediate concern, is to preserve the integrity of the recommender and minimise the attack probability of biased users who may indirectly influence the outcome of the system. Several algorithms have been developed to identify malicious users in contextual environments. In this paper, we propose a reputation-controlled fish school (RCFS) algorithm to identify trustable users and utilise them in recommendations. In addition, we propose a recommendation algorithm that replicates the behaviour of social insects using a hybrid artificial bee colony (ABC) and simulated annealing (SA) technique. Finally, we demonstrate that the resulting feedback strategies can increase the effectiveness of the recommenders' decisions.

Keywords: artificial bee colony; ABC; contextual recommender systems; fish school algorithm; reputation ratings; simulated annealing; trusted user detection; security; context awareness; tourism recommender systems; recommendation systems; user preferences; feedback strategies.

DOI: 10.1504/IJAMS.2016.077014

International Journal of Applied Management Science, 2016 Vol.8 No.2, pp.93 - 113

Published online: 17 Jun 2016 *

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