Title: Integration of factors affecting venture capitalists' investment decision: an interpretive structural modelling approach

Authors: Monika Dhochak; Anil K. Sharma

Addresses: Department of Management Studies, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, Uttarakhand 247667, India ' Department of Management Studies, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, Uttarakhand 247667, India

Abstract: In the last few years, researchers viewed that venture capitalists do not always follow the same criteria suggested by theory, but use a multi-criteria decision analysis for screening a new proposal. The first objective of this study is to identify the criteria used by Indian venture capitalists in investment decision-making process. Second, it analyses the relationship among pre-determined decision-making factors. Selecting a new venture is a tedious job for venture capitalists due to the direct and indirect effect of certain factors. For this purpose, exploratory factor analysis was used to extract the determinants of investment decision-making process, and interpretive structural modelling was conducted to establish a hierarchal relationship among key decision-making enablers. Afterwards, a diagraph facilitates to accomplish the logical framework as per their relative dependence and driving powers. It is found that financial consideration is the most important factor that depends on other driving powers. The findings of the relationship-based approach may help to mitigate the adverse selection process. The insights of this model would assist the investors, entrepreneurs and researchers to understand the complex relationship among significant decision-making factors.

Keywords: exploratory factor analysis; interpretive structural modelling; investment decision making; ISM; MICMAC analysis; venture capital; investment decisions; multicriteria decision analysis; MCDA; India.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMDM.2016.076838

International Journal of Management and Decision Making, 2016 Vol.15 No.1, pp.38 - 52

Available online: 29 May 2016 *

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