Title: Dispersion modelling of radioactive pollutants: application of the 'Demokritos' Transport code system for Complex Terrain (DETRACT) to the Hanford Purex scenario
Authors: Spyros Andronopoulos, Efstratios Davakis, Nikolaos Gounaris, John G. Bartzis, Stavros G. Nychas
Addresses: Environmental Research Laboratory, Institute of Nuclear Technology and Radiation Protection, NCSR Demokritos, 15310 Aghia Paraskevi, Attikis, Greece. ' Department of Chemical Engineering, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, University Box 453, 54124, Greece. ' Environmental Research Laboratory, Institute of Nuclear Technology and Radiation Protection, NCSR Demokritos, 15310 Aghia Paraskevi, Attikis, Greece. ' Department of Energy Resources Management Engineering, University of Western Macedonia, Kozani, Greece. ' Department of Chemical Engineering, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, University Box 453, 54124, Greece
Abstract: The DETRACT computational system, consisting of a meteorological processor and a Lagrangian particles atmospheric dispersion model, is applied to the |Hanford Purex Scenario| – an accidental 3 1/2 days of lasting release of radioactive 131I from the stack of the Hanford (USA) Purex Chemical Separations Plant (2–5 September 1963) – for evaluation purposes. During the release, the source intensity and the wind direction varied. The variables used for the model evaluation were daily-averaged and time-integrated concentrations in air, according to the available observations. Graphical and statistical means (factor-of-2, of-5 and of-10) were applied for the evaluation. The obtained results (18%, 45%, and 53% for the daily concentrations and 38%, 63%, and 81% for the time-integrated concentrations, respectively) are discussed in view of the computational system suitability for use in complex situations of accidental atmospheric releases of hazardous contaminants, including radioactive pollutants, and its sensitivity to the spatial density of the meteorological observations.
Keywords: Hanford Purex scenario; model evaluation; accidental releases; radioactive pollutants; atmospheric dispersion modelling; air pollution; air quality.
International Journal of Environment and Pollution, 2005 Vol.25 No.1/2/3/4, pp.33 - 47
Published online: 31 Aug 2005 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article