Title: Resilience and robustness in long-term planning of the national energy and transportation system
Authors: Eduardo Ibanez; Steven Lavrenz; Konstantina Gkritza; Diego A. Mejia-Giraldo; Venkat Krishnan; James D. McCalley; Arun K. Somani
Addresses: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 16253 Denver West Pkwy., Golden, CO, 80401-3305, USA ' School of Civil Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA ' School of Civil Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA ' Department of Electrical Engineering, Universidad de Antioquia, 050010, Colombia ' Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA ' Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA ' Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
Abstract: The most significant energy consuming infrastructures and the greatest contributors to greenhouse gases for any developed nation today are electric and freight/passenger transportation systems. Technological alternatives for producing, transporting and converting energy for electric and transportation systems are numerous. Addressing costs, sustainability and resilience of electric and transportation needs requires long-term assessment since these capital-intensive infrastructures take years to build with lifetimes approaching a century. Yet, the advent of electrically driven transportation, including cars, trucks and trains, creates potential interdependencies between the two infrastructures that may be both problematic and beneficial. We are developing modelling capability to perform long-term electric and transportation infrastructure design at a national level, accounting for their interdependencies. The approach combines network flow modelling with a multi-objective solution method. We describe and compare it to the state of the art in energy planning models. An example is presented to illustrate important features of this new approach.
Keywords: infrastructure resilience; investment planning; optimisation; infrastructure robustness; long-term planning; national infrastructure systems; energy infrastructure; transport infrastructure; infrastructure interdependencies; electric vehicles; infrastructure design; network flow modelling; energy planning.
International Journal of Critical Infrastructures, 2016 Vol.12 No.1/2, pp.82 - 103
Received: 07 Mar 2014
Accepted: 18 Mar 2014
Published online: 10 Apr 2016 *