Title: A comparative study of evacuation strategies for high-rise building via combination of stair and elevator based on computer simulation

Authors: Yuanchun Ding; Falu Weng

Addresses: Jiangxi Key Laboratory of High Efficient Utilization of Rare Earth Resources, Jiangxi University of Science and Technology, Ganzhou, Jiangxi, 341000, China ' Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Automation, Jiangxi University of Science and Technology, Ganzhou, Jiangxi, 341000, China

Abstract: The evacuation strategies for high-rise buildings via a combination of stair and elevator are investigated in this paper based on computer modelling and simulation. First, a hypothetical 20-floor building with staircase, elevator and a population of 800 agents is established by using the Pathfinder software. Then, based on the obtained model, 10 kinds of evacuation scenarios are designed. The simulations indicate that different combinations of stair and elevator can result in significant differences in the total evacuation times (TETs), and the shortest TET is achieved in the scenario that has half of the occupants on the upper-half part of the building evacuated by elevator, and the others evacuated by stairs. Furthermore, for the occupants on the top floor, the most efficient evacuation strategy is to use the elevator directly, however, which also results in the stairs between the upper two floors unused, and leads to the TET being lengthened.

Keywords: evacuation strategies; staircases; stairs; elevators; lifts; high-rise buildings; simulation; emergency evacutation; emergency management; modelling; total evacuation times; TETs.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEM.2016.074885

International Journal of Emergency Management, 2016 Vol.12 No.1, pp.41 - 54

Received: 26 Sep 2015
Accepted: 30 Nov 2015

Published online: 19 Feb 2016 *

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