Title: Flexible charging time and geography independent dual thermal cycle based energy storage

Authors: Kosamana Bhaskara Rao; Rajesh Mavuri; R. Sivakumar

Addresses: School of Mechanical Science and Buildings (SMBS), VIT University, Chennai 600127, India ' School of Mechanical Science and Buildings (SMBS), VIT University, Chennai 600127, India ' School of Mechanical Science and Buildings (SMBS), VIT University, Chennai 600127, India

Abstract: Share of renewable energy for electrical energy is increasing every year. Major part of the renewable energy such as solar and wind energy are intermittent and fluctuating. Pumped Hydro technique and compressed air energy storage (CAES) technique are proven technologies for MW scale but they are highly geography dependent. A new concept of energy storage is discussed in this paper which is site independent and flexible charging time. In this concept, there are two thermal cycles; one is charge cycle which is used to store energy and discharge cycle which is used to generate electricity from stored energy. A charge cycle works based on the closed loop heat pump principle. Discharge cycle is an organic Rankine cycle which utilises stored heat and produces electricity. This concept has a major advantage of hybridising charge cycle with any waste low grade heat for improving COP and overall round trip efficiency.

Keywords: energy storage; heat pumps; organic Rankine cycle; CAES; compressed air energy storage; pumped hydro; chemical energy storage; flexible charging time; geography independent thermal cycle; dual thermal cycle; charge cycle; discharge cycle; waste heat.

DOI: 10.1504/PIE.2015.073096

Progress in Industrial Ecology, An International Journal, 2015 Vol.9 No.2, pp.191 - 199

Available online: 14 Nov 2015 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article