Title: Task process reference model on elderly's lifestyle for cluttered homes of the elderly in Northern Thailand
Authors: Nopasit Chakpitak; Komsak Meksamoot; Pitipong Yodmongkol; Supawadee Putthinoi
Addresses: College of Arts, Media and Technology, Chiang Mai University 239 Huaykaew Rd., Suthep, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand ' College of Arts, Media and Technology, Chiang Mai University 239 Huaykaew Rd., Suthep, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand ' College of Arts, Media and Technology, Chiang Mai University 239 Huaykaew Rd., Suthep, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand ' Department of Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Chiang Mai University, 110 Intawaroroj Rd., Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
Abstract: The cluttered home conditions are a significant risk of falling in older people who spend most of the time in their house. Therefore, this study proposes new elderly's lifestyle task model (ELTM) with risk assessment method under scoping of the quality concept. The research was conducted in Sri Bua Ngern Village, Tha Sala District in Chiang Mai, Thailand. The basic activity of elderly lifestyle in the house was analysed, verified and validated into daily tasks. Then, the elderly risky lifestyle task of the cluttered home management was evaluated to find the maturity level. The maturity level in the elderly risky lifestyle task was increased by implementing 5S practice. This research exercise shows clearly that the ELTM reference model represents daily living tasks of the elderly in their own house. In addition, the five levels of maturity assessment can measure the elderly's capability in preventing the risk of falling.
Keywords: elderly homes; process reference models; risk assessment; Thailand; cluttered houses; older people; falls; elderly lifestyle; lifestyle risks; 5S; daily living tasks; risk of falling; modelling.
International Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development, 2015 Vol.14 No.4, pp.351 - 370
Received: 26 Apr 2014
Accepted: 25 Nov 2014
Published online: 12 Jul 2015 *