Authors: Michael Yunon Chuang; Filiz Tabak
Addresses: School of Business, State University of New York, 1 Hawk Drive, New Paltz, NY 12561, USA ' College of Business and Economics, Towson University, 8000 York Road, Towson, MD 21252, USA
Abstract: When a group faces a barrage of information pieces for a decision, persuasion is important for reaching a consensus. However, there is lack of related research in systems and technology domain regarding whether individuals characterised by having different personalities exhibit differences. To fill the gap, this work investigates the interactive impact of communication modes and personality on persuasion. Need-for-cognition, extraversion, and agreeableness are hypothesised to interact with use of face-to-face and text technology used in decision making to influence the process of persuasion. A task survival game featuring various pieces of information used in order to simulate the group decision environment. Based on the results, no significant interactions have been found for agreeableness or need-for-cognition. A group using text-based communication technology appears to be similarly effective in reaching a decision as using face-to-face in workspaces. Findings indicate that even though there is no significant change in persuasion based on extraversion in text communication mode, in face-to-face decision making mode, extraverted individuals are less persuaded. These findings provide practitioners with the necessary insights for improving the design of technology devices.
Keywords: communication modes; instant messaging; computer-mediated communication; CMC; persuasion; group decision making; personality; mobile technology; mobile device design; task survival games; simulation; need-for-cognition; extraversion; agreeableness; text-based communication; face-to-face communication; mobile communications.
International Journal of Business and Systems Research, 2015 Vol.9 No.3, pp.255 - 272
Available online: 19 Sep 2015 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article