Title: Prioritising and ranking critical factors for sustainable cloud ERP adoption in SMEs

Authors: S. Vijayakumar Bharathi; Tanuja Mandal

Addresses: Symbiosis Centre for Information Technology (SCIT), Symbiosis International University (SIU), Rajiv Gandhi Infotech Park, Hinjewadi, Pune, Maharashtra State 411 057, India ' Accenture Services Pvt Ltd, Tek Meadows, 51, Old Mahabalipuram Road, Sholinganallur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600 119, India

Abstract: The cloud ERP enables the SMEs to join the race of the largest competitive organisations to achieve and sustain competitive growth. There are several factors which play an important role in the decision making of the SMEs, whether to go for ERP as a service or not. This study brings out the ranking and prioritising of critical factors which will help the ERP service providers to better understand the expectations of the SME clients. This exploratory research was conducted on a selected set of consultants, implementing partners and SMEs of ERP. Analytic hierarchy process (AHP) was used to prioritise and rank the critical factors to be considered for adopting cloud ERP. A set of 17 critical factors was initially categorised on the basis of cost, security, organisational factors, performance and functionality of ERP. The study found that amongst others, cost related factors like subscription fees, maintenance cost and implementation cost featured in the top five ranking critical factors. Other significant factors included SLA conditions, BCP and DR, IT resources cost, data confidentiality. The outcome of this research provides an authentic reference to the stakeholders while planning and executing sustainable information system adoption like cloud ERP.

Keywords: enterprise resource planning; cloud ERP; SaaS ERP; small and medium-sized enterprises; SMEs; ERP on-demand; ERP-as-a-service; software-as-a-service; analytical hierarchy process; AHP; cloud computing; ERP adoption; cost; security; organisational factors; performance; functionality.

DOI: 10.1504/IJAL.2015.071723

International Journal of Automation and Logistics, 2015 Vol.1 No.3, pp.294 - 316

Received: 26 Dec 2014
Accepted: 09 Jan 2015

Published online: 16 Sep 2015 *

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