Title: Analysis of topo-morphological influence of vineyards in the design of wireless sensor networks for smart viticultural management

Authors: Guillermo Gil; Marcos Goyeneche; Leire Azpilicueta; José Javier Astrain; Jesús Villadangos; Francisco Falcone

Addresses: Electrical and Electronic Engineering Department, UPNA, Pamplona, Navarra, Spain ' Mathematical Engineering and Computer Science Department, UPNA, Pamplona, Navarra, Spain ' Electrical and Electronic Engineering Department, Institute for Smart Cities, UPNA, Pamplona, Navarra, Spain ' Mathematical Engineering and Computer Science Department, Institute for Smart Cities, UPNA, Pamplona, Navarra, Spain ' Mathematical Engineering and Computer Science Department, Institute for Smart Cities, UPNA, Pamplona, Navarra, Spain ' Electrical and Electronic Engineering Department, Institute for Smart Cities, UPNA, Pamplona, Navarra, Spain

Abstract: In this work, the influence of topology as well as morphology in the integration of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) in vineyards is analysed. The impact on wireless propagation is analysed by means of an in-house 3D ray launching code, to emulate the realistic operation framework of the scenario. To gain insight into the effects on radiopropagation, a simplified vine model has been developed, considering the material parameters and simplified geometry embedded in the simulation scenario. Measurement results from deployed IEEE 802.15.4 sensors in a real vineyard are presented, in terms of received power levels as well as of packet transmission performance of the wireless nodes. The knowledge of the topological influence can aid in the deployment of the optimal WSN in terms of capacity as well as energy consumption, making the use of these systems attractive in viticulture management processes.

Keywords: vineyards; 3D ray launching; ZigBee; 802.15.4; WSNs; wireless sensor networks; intelligent routing algorithms; topology; morphology; WSN design; smart management; viticultural management; radio propagation; vine modelling; simulation; power levels; packet transmission; wireless nodes; capacity; energy consumption.

DOI: 10.1504/IJSNET.2015.071630

International Journal of Sensor Networks, 2015 Vol.19 No.2, pp.78 - 90

Received: 11 Nov 2012
Accepted: 09 Jun 2013

Published online: 04 Sep 2015 *

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