Authors: Vagia Kyriakidou; Christos Michalakelis; Thomas Sphicopoulos
Addresses: Department of Informatics and Telecommunications, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Panepistimioupolis, Ilissia 157 84, Athens, Greece ' Department of Informatics and Telematics, Harokopio University, Tavros 177 78, Athens, Greece ' Department of Informatics and Telecommunications, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Panepistimioupolis, Ilissia, 157 84, Athens, Greece
Abstract: Under the present economic recession, much discussion is made regarding income increase. New technologies and broadband communications in particular can yield comparative advantages in countries. Based on the assumption that income increase is related to broadband penetration, a Granger causality test is applied in 86 countries worldwide. The causality case is tested separately over developed and developing countries, according to their level of broadband penetration. The analysis is aimed to examine the relationship (one-way or bidirectional) between gross national income per capita and broadband penetration level.
Keywords: Granger causality test; broadband services; gross national income; economic growth; broadband penetration; growth accelerator.
International Journal of Electronic Governance, 2015 Vol.7 No.3, pp.253 - 265
Accepted: 11 Mar 2015
Published online: 31 Aug 2015 *