Title: Modelling and simulation of human behavioural and emotional dynamics during emergencies: a review of the state-of-the-art

Authors: Mouna Belhaj; Fahem Kebair; Lamjed Ben Said

Addresses: Optimization Strategies and Intelligent Information Engineering Laboratory, Higher Institute of Management of Tunis 41, Rue de la Liberté, Cité Bouchoucha 2000 Le Bardo, Tunis, Tunisia ' Optimization Strategies and Intelligent Information Engineering Laboratory, Higher Institute of Management of Tunis 41, Rue de la Liberté, Cité Bouchoucha 2000 Le Bardo, Tunis, Tunisia ' Optimization Strategies and Intelligent Information Engineering Laboratory, Higher Institute of Management of Tunis 41, Rue de la Liberté, Cité Bouchoucha 2000 Le Bardo, Tunis, Tunisia

Abstract: Research works on human behaviour modelling and simulation continue to increase in recent years. Indeed, emotion and personality are among the most important human characteristics that influence behaviour. Particularly, during emergencies, emotional dynamics have a major influence on individual and collective behaviours. In this paper, we aim to provide an integrated review on this challenging and multidisciplinary field. We give first an overview of computational models of emotions and personalities. Then, we expose and discuss emotional and behavioural models. An emphasis is given to the role of internal and external emotional dynamics in the production of realistic behaviours during emergencies. Internal emotional dynamics affect cognitive processes at an individual level. However, external emotional dynamics, studied through phenomena such as empathy or emotional contagion, are essential to simulate collective emotional dynamics.

Keywords: modelling; simulation; human behaviour; emotional dynamics; emergencies; personality; empathy; emotional contagion; behavioural dynamics; crises.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEM.2015.071047

International Journal of Emergency Management, 2015 Vol.11 No.2, pp.129 - 145

Available online: 09 Aug 2015 *

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