Authors: Helen Haugh
Addresses: The Judge Institute of Management, University of Cambridge, Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1AG, UK
Abstract: Regional development is traditionally evaluated in economic terms, such as job creation, sales turnover and profit generation; however such measures fail to acknowledge the broader social and environmental contribution of entrepreneurship to the economy. Social enterprises are businesses that trade for a social purpose, they aim to achieve social and/or environmental goals and generate at least part of their income from trading. Their outcomes therefore include business achievements as well as social and/or environmental gains. To begin with, this paper outlines the nature of regional and local development and considers the contribution of enterprise to development. The paper then focuses on social enterprises and their contribution to development and presents three case study examples that illustrate the social, economic and environmental contribution of social enterprises to local and regional development. In conclusion, five development challenges for social enterprise are outlined and suggestions to overcome these barriers are offered.
Keywords: social enterprises; community enterprises; regional development; local development; social outcomes; environmental outcomes; entrepreneurship; economic outcomes.
International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 2005 Vol.2 No.4, pp.346 - 357
Published online: 24 May 2005 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article