Authors: Marina Ivanova; Joachim Kaeschel; Dmitry Ivanov
Addresses: Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Production Economics and Industrial Management, Chemnitz University of Technology, 09111 Chemnitz, Germany ' Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Production Economics and Industrial Management, Chemnitz University of Technology, 09111 Chemnitz, Germany ' Berlin School of Economics and Law, International Supply Chain Management, Berlin 10825, Germany
Abstract: The order penetration point (OPP) determines the point at which the customer enters the supply chain (SC) with their individual product-related preferences. The OPP therefore separates the demand-driven parts from customer order-driven parts in the SC. Another concept - the order recovery point (ORP) - is also frequently used in practice to determine the last stage at which the customer's individual preferences can be taken into account. Therefore the ORP determines the stage where the customer leaves the SC. This paper introduces the ORP concept and investigates the issue of how to determine the ORP's location in the SC. We analyse the factors which influence the ORP location and propose a formula for its location. The results of this study can be applied as a strategic decision-making support of the ORP location determination and provide deeper insights into SC efficiency and agility from the point of view of ORP location.
Keywords: supply chain integration; ORP location; order recovery point; postponement; supply chain agility; supply chain efficiency; supply chain management; SCM; agile supply chains.
International Journal of Integrated Supply Management, 2015 Vol.9 No.4, pp.329 - 342
Received: 09 Sep 2014
Accepted: 19 Mar 2015
Published online: 09 Jul 2015 *