Authors: Md. Motaharul Islam; M. Abdullah-Al-Wadud; Eui-Nam Huh
Addresses: Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Islamic University of Technology, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, Board Bazar, Gazipur-1704, Bangladesh ' Department of Software Engineering, College of Computer and Information Systems, King Saud University, P.O. 11362, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia ' Cloud Computing and Security Laboratory, Department of Computer Engineering, Kyung Hee University, 1 Seochon-dong, Giheung-gu, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do 446-701, South Korea
Abstract: Conservation of energy is considered the most critical issue for battery-powered IP-based wireless sensor networks (IP-WSN). IP-WSNs are of tremendous importance due to their broad range of commercial applications in healthcare, environmental analysis and precision agriculture. In these applications, global addressing and multilayer routing for IP-WSN are challenging issues. Most of the routing protocols in WSNs are layer-two based. For energy efficiency and end-to-end communication, the necessity of multilayer routing has been drawing significant attention. With the help of the sensor proxy mobile IPv6 (SPMIPv6) protocol, a tiny sensor node is capable of handling multilayer routing. In this paper, we discuss an energy-efficient multilayer routing protocol (EMRIP) for an SPMIPv6-based global IP-WSN scheme. Mathematical analysis and simulation results show that the proposed routing scheme significantly enhances the energy efficiency, throughput, minimises end-to-end delay, controls packet overhead and reduces mobility costs.
Keywords: IP-WSN; IP-based WSNs; wireless sensor networks; SPMIPv6; sensor proxy mobile IPv6; PMIPv6; MIPv6; multilayer routing; 6LoWPAN; wireless PANs; personal area networks; WPAN; IP-WSN mobility; energy efficiency; end-to-end delay; throughput; packet overhead; mobility costs; simulation.
International Journal of Sensor Networks, 2015 Vol.18 No.3/4, pp.114 - 129
Received: 30 Nov 2012
Accepted: 18 Sep 2013
Published online: 05 Jul 2015 *