Title: The effect of social and spatial processes on the provision of Urban open spaces: the case of Bhubaneswar in India
Authors: Bharati Mohapatra; Abdul Razak Mohamed
Addresses: Department of Architecture, School of Planning and Architecture, Sy. No. 71/1, NH-5, Nidamanuru, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India ' Department of Architecture, School of Planning and Architecture, Sy. No. 71/1, NH-5, Nidamanuru, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India
Abstract: Bhubaneswar, a second tier state capital city of India, is currently undergoing a transformation from an administrative centre into a hub of economic activities, and experiencing all the associated turmoil one might expect as it struggles to meet the new demands of infrastructure and public utilities. There is a corresponding declining trend in the provision of open spaces as land availability is reduced. Additionally, the funds allocation for development of open spaces for recreational use is insufficient. This paper discusses the urban processes and associated impacts for the planning and provision of urban open spaces in the city. The provision of recreational open space is also examined with respect to the social and physical aspects of the city. The institutional infrastructure is discussed and a set of indicators are proposed for evaluation, planning and strategies for a comprehensive open space structure, by applying eco-city concepts and community based management.
Keywords: land use; ecology; urban planning; urban open spaces; social processes; spatial processes; India; Bhubaneswar; fund allocation; recreational spaces; institutional infrastructure; eco-cities; community based management.
International Journal of Green Economics, 2015 Vol.9 No.1, pp.1 - 23
Received: 08 May 2021
Accepted: 12 May 2021
Published online: 08 Mar 2015 *