Title: Mitigation of road transport carbon emissions in Argentina

Authors: S. Enrique Puliafito; Fernando Castro; David Allende; Paula Castesana

Addresses: Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Grupo Estudios Atmosféricos y Ambientales, Universidad Tecnológica Nacional, Rodríguez 273, 5500, Mendoza, Argentina; Facultad Regional Buenos Aires, Universidad Tecnológica Nacional, Medrano 951, 1179, Buenos Aires, Argentina ' Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Grupo Estudios Atmosféricos y Ambientales, Universidad Tecnológica Nacional, Rodríguez 273, 5500, Mendoza, Argentina ' Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Grupo Estudios Atmosféricos y Ambientales, Universidad Tecnológica Nacional, Rodríguez 273, 5500, Mendoza, Argentina ' Facultad Regional Buenos Aires, Universidad Tecnológica Nacional, Medrano 951, 1179, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Abstract: This study describes a model to calculate energy consumption and CO2 emissions into the atmosphere by the road transport sector in Argentina from 1960 to 2050. The model analyses different mitigation scenarios to determine effective options to produce a sensitive decrease in carbon emissions. The results of this study show that by reducing the use of private vehicles while increasing the use of public transport, combined with a high rate of conversion of gasoline vehicles into hybrid electric vehicles, CO2 emissions could be reduced up to 9% (or 7.7 Tg). However, without further technological improvements and higher modal transfer to low carbon/less energy-intensive modes, it will be difficult to obtain emission stabilisation of transport emissions under 80 Tg by 2050, which represent approximately twice the current values.

Keywords: environmental pollution; road transport; emission mitigation; carbon emissions; air pollution; hybrid vehicles; Argentina; carbon emissions; vehicle emissions; CO2; carbon dioxide; Argentina; energy consumption; transport emissions; private vehicles; public transport; hybrid electric vehicles; HEVs; air quality.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEP.2014.067694

International Journal of Environment and Pollution, 2014 Vol.56 No.1/2/3/4, pp.129 - 152

Accepted: 27 Dec 2014
Published online: 24 Feb 2015 *

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