Title: Rotational invariant fingerprint matching using local directional descriptors

Authors: Ravinder Kumar; Pravin Chandra; Madasu Hanmandlu

Addresses: Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Ansal Institute of Technology, Sector 55, Gurgaon, Haryana, India ' University School of Information and Communication Technology, Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Dwarka, Delhi 110078, India ' Department of Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi – 110016, India

Abstract: Fingerprint matching techniques have been extensively investigated in the literature. Minutiae-based and image-based approaches are two major classes of fingerprint matching. Minutiae-based approaches are still not able to achieve high matching accuracy, particularly in low quality images. Now-a-days, image-based methods are given more attention as they extract more discriminatory information in comparison to minutiae-based methods. In this paper, we have proposed an image-based method, which exploits the rotation invariant local directional fixed length descriptors. This method involves preprocessing, region of interest (ROI) computation and extraction of proposed local directional fixed length descriptors. The proposed descriptors are tested on public benchmark databases FVC2002 and FVC2004 using Euclidian distance, Chi-square distance, histogram intersection, and least square support vector machine (LS-SVM). The effectiveness of the proposed method is demonstrated by comparing the experimental results with those of other image-based approaches proposed in the literature.

Keywords: image-based fingerprint verification; rotational invariant fingerprint matching; local directional descriptors; local Gaussian patterns; LGP; local derivative patterns; LDerivP; LS-SVM classifier; least squares SVM; support vector machines; biometrics; fingerprint images.

DOI: 10.1504/IJCISTUDIES.2014.067032

International Journal of Computational Intelligence Studies, 2014 Vol.3 No.4, pp.292 - 319

Received: 22 May 2013
Accepted: 12 Nov 2013

Published online: 19 Jan 2015 *

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