Title: A Triple Helix systems approach to strengthening the innovation potential of the Western Balkan countries
Authors: Jadranka Švarc
Addresses: Institute of Social Sciences 'Ivo Pilar', Zagreb, Marulićevtrg 19, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Abstract: This paper discusses the impediments to and perspectives of developing Triple Helix systems in the Western Balkan countries (WBCs) that are recognised as an area for future EU enlargement. Based on the level of maturity and performance of the main components of their innovation systems (research potential, R&D- and non-R&D-based innovation, and innovation governance), three types of WBCs are identified, with low, medium and good perspectives for developing Triple Helix systems, respectively. The analysis draws on a comparative study of the national innovation systems of the WBCs carried out by the FP7 WBC-INCO.NET project. The paper concludes that the significance of Triple Helix systems for advancing innovation is increasing in all the WBCs, despite their current weaknesses, due to the global economic restructuring that requires a novel type of industry based on R&D-driven innovation and advanced technologies, where universities could have a leading role.
Keywords: Triple Helix; Western Balkan countries; WBC; university-industry cooperation; technology laggards; innovation systems; comparison; industrial collaboration; Albania; Kosovo; Serbia; FYR Macedonia; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Montenegro; advanced technology.
International Journal of Transitions and Innovation Systems, 2014 Vol.3 No.3, pp.169 - 188
Received: 18 Oct 2013
Accepted: 19 Apr 2014
Published online: 04 Nov 2014 *