Title: Theory and practice of wavelets in signal processing

Authors: Jalal Karam

Addresses: School of Science and Technology, Nazarbayev University, Astana, Kazakhstan

Abstract: The methods of Fourier, Laplace and wavelet transforms provide transfer functions and relationships between the input and the output signals in linear time invariant systems. This paper shows the equivalence among these three methods and in each case presenting an application of the appropriateness (Fourier, Laplace or wavelet) to the convolution theorem. In addition it is shown that the same holds for a direct integration method. The biorthogonal wavelets Bior3.5 and Bior3.9 are examined and the zeros distribution of their polynomials associated filters are located. Also, this paper presents the significance of utilising wavelets as effective tools in processing speech signals for common multimedia applications in general, and for recognition and compression in particular. Theoretically and practically, wavelets have proved to be effective and competitive. The practical use of the continuous wavelet transform (CWT) in processing and analysis of speech is then presented along with explanations of how the human ear can be thought of as a natural wavelet transformer of speech. This generates a variety of approaches for applying the (CWT) to many paradigms analysing speech, sound and music. For perception, the flexibility of implementation of this transform, allows the construction of numerous scales and we include two of them. Results for speech recognition and speech compression are then included.

Keywords: continuous wavelet transforms; CWT; biorthogonal wavelets; speech perception; speech recognition; speech compression; signal processing; Fourier transforms; Laplace transforms; signal processing; speech signals; multimedia.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMISSP.2014.065696

International Journal of Machine Intelligence and Sensory Signal Processing, 2014 Vol.1 No.2, pp.174 - 191

Available online: 03 Nov 2014 *

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