Title: Energy and the environment: strategies for acid-pollutant reduction in the European Community

Authors: J. Remmers, G. Schons, E. Plinke, Th. Morgenstern, F. Perello-Aracena, H.-D. Haasis, O. Rentz

Addresses: Institute for Industrial Production (IIP), University of Karlsruhe, Hertzstrasse 16, D-7500 Karlsruhe 21, West Germany. ' Institute for Industrial Production (IIP), University of Karlsruhe, Hertzstrasse 16, D-7500 Karlsruhe 21, West Germany. ' Institute for Industrial Production (IIP), University of Karlsruhe, Hertzstrasse 16, D-7500 Karlsruhe 21, West Germany. ' Institute for Industrial Production (IIP), University of Karlsruhe, Hertzstrasse 16, D-7500 Karlsruhe 21, West Germany. ' Institute for Industrial Production (IIP), University of Karlsruhe, Hertzstrasse 16, D-7500 Karlsruhe 21, West Germany. ' Institute for Industrial Production (IIP), University of Karlsruhe, Hertzstrasse 16, D-7500 Karlsruhe 21, West Germany. ' Institute for Industrial Production (IIP), University of Karlsruhe, Hertzstrasse 16, D-7500 Karlsruhe 21, West Germany

Abstract: New energy supply strategies as well as air pollutant emission reduction strategies are required if the world is to tackle its economic and environmental difficulties. Such strategies should be designed to fit in with the specific development needs of a given country or region. In the past strategies were mainly developed with the finiteness of natural resources and the scarcity of economic resources in mind. In recent years the |joint-production| of air pollutant emissions in the energy sector has been increasingly recognised as an additional consideration. As a consequence, future energy policies, which should be efficient with respect to both economic development and environmental protection, have to be devised. For this purpose energy-environment models such as EFOM-ENV can be used as analytic tools. This article discusses some optimal future energy supply structures that result from different strategies for air pollution control in the countries of the European Community. The results have been obtained by applying the Energy Flow Optimisation Model (EFOM), which has been extended by additional environmental modules to become EFOM-ENV. This paper is based on research that the authors are carrying out for the Commission of the European Communities (CEC), Brussels, and the European Research Center for Air Pollution Control Measures (PEF), Karlsruhe, in close co-operation with research institutes in member countries of the European Community.

Keywords: acid pollutants; pollutant reduction; cost-efficiency analysis; energy-environment models; energy flow optimisation model; EFOM; energy supply strategies; European Community; air pollution control; modelling.

DOI: 10.1504/IJGEI.1990.063734

International Journal of Global Energy Issues, 1990 Vol.2 No.1, pp.20-30

Published online: 19 Jul 2014 *

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