Title: Human development and carbon dioxide emissions: Part I. Background, reference projection and uncertainty analysis

Authors: J. Edmonds, J. Darmstadter

Addresses: Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Washington DC, USA. ' Resources for the Future, Washington DC, USA

Abstract: Greenhouse gases are products of human activity, and their production has increased as industrial development has increased. Increased production of these gases, of which carbon dioxide is the most significant, has affected global temperature and climate. The nature of future climatic change will depend upon the rate of emission of greenhouse gases, the capacity of mechanisms for their removal from the atmosphere, and the interaction between the composition of the atmosphere and the climate. This article deals with the first of these factors: the rate of emission. Here in Part I this topic is split into consideration of the background to CO2 emissions and the long-term trends in emissions from fossil fuels. Part II will examine alternative scenarios for future emissions, and will discuss the feasibility of energy strategies designed to avert, mitigate or delay climatic changes.

Keywords: future trends; greenhouse effect; greenhouse gases; GHG emissions; radiatively important gases; uncertainty analysis; human development; CO2; carbon dioxide; carbon emissions; uncertainty analysis.

DOI: 10.1504/IJGEI.1990.063704

International Journal of Global Energy Issues, 1990 Vol.2 No.1, pp.3-13

Published online: 19 Jul 2014 *

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