Title: Simulating the road forward: the role of computational modelling in realising future opportunities in traffic safety

Authors: Jeff Richard Crandall

Addresses: Center for Applied Biomechanics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA

Abstract: Current vehicle and restraint designs consider a relatively small percentage of the variation that exists within the population of humans and the distribution of crashes. The breadth of these variations, coupled with the added complexity of ever-changing societal trends, will not permit designs developed using conventional techniques to realise established goals for injury and fatality reduction. Within the realm of passive and integrated safety, widespread implementation of modelling into the design and evaluation process provides the only viable means of achieving significant reductions in injury and fatality. Ultimately, the versatility and efficiency of computational modelling will establish a new paradigm in which injury is described by causal mechanisms including statistical representations of population variations. While this transformational change will be guided and directed by simulation technology, it will require commensurate evolution of techniques within the fields of experimental biomechanics, crash reconstruction and epidemiology.

Keywords: experimental biomechanics; crash reconstruction; epidemiology; procedures; sensitivity analysis; simulation; computational modelling; traffic safety; road safety; vehicle safety; restraint design; vehicle design; injury reduction; fatality reduction.

DOI: 10.1504/IJVS.2014.063262

International Journal of Vehicle Safety, 2014 Vol.7 No.3/4, pp.296 - 326

Published online: 08 Jul 2014 *

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