Title: Enabling the web of things: facilitating deployment, discovery and resource access to IoT objects using embedded web services

Authors: Isam Ishaq; Jeroen Hoebeke; Jen Rossey; Eli De Poorter; Ingrid Moerman; Piet Demeester

Addresses: Department of Information Technology (INTEC), Ghent University - iMinds, Ghent, Belgium ' Department of Information Technology (INTEC), Ghent University - iMinds, Ghent, Belgium ' Department of Information Technology (INTEC), Ghent University - iMinds, Ghent, Belgium ' Department of Information Technology (INTEC), Ghent University - iMinds, Ghent, Belgium ' Department of Information Technology (INTEC), Ghent University - iMinds, Ghent, Belgium ' Department of Information Technology (INTEC), Ghent University - iMinds, Ghent, Belgium

Abstract: Today, the IETF Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP) is being standardised. CoAP takes the internet of things to the next level: it enables the implementation of RESTful web services on embedded devices, thus enabling the construction of an easily accessible web of things. However, before tiny objects can make themselves available through embedded web services, several manual configuration steps are still needed to integrate a sensor network within an existing networking environment. In this paper, we describe a novel self-organisation solution to facilitate the deployment of constrained networks and enable the discovery, end-to-end connectivity and service usage of these newly deployed sensor nodes. By using embedded web service technology, the need of other protocols on these resource constrained devices is avoided. It allows automatic hierarchical discovery of CoAP servers, resulting in a browsable hierarchy of CoAP servers, which can be accessed both over CoAP and hypertext transfer protocol.

Keywords: CoAP; constrained application protocol; self-organisation; IoT objects; internet of things; WoT; web of things; DNS; domain name system; proxy; embedded services; web services; service discovery; service deployment; resource access; constrained networks; sensor nodes; hypertext transfer protocol.

DOI: 10.1504/IJWGS.2014.060253

International Journal of Web and Grid Services, 2014 Vol.10 No.2/3, pp.218 - 243

Available online: 02 Apr 2014 *

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