Title: Beyond legal entrepreneurship: the case of Austria

Authors: Shahamak Rezaei; Marco Goli; Léo-Paul Dana

Addresses: Department of Social Society and Globalisation, Roskilde University, Building 25.3, P.O. Box 260, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark ' Metropolitan University College, Copenhagen, Denmark ' Montpellier Research in Management, Groupe Sup de Co Montpellier Business School, 2300 Avenue des Moulins, Montpellier, France

Abstract: Our study of the migrants and the underground economy in Austria highlights the following features: 1) the underground economy is contextual, with its form, content and dynamic being specific to the national and other contexts in which it is used and understood; 2) the form, the content and the dynamic of the phenomenon are situational; 3) the occurrence and development of the phenomenon is gradual, influenced by many factors such as migrants' length of residency, year of entry, gender, capitals, government policies, political and public discourse etc; 4) the phenomenon is conditional, referring to the character of the residency as being understood and dealt with by migrants themselves, and by the actual practice of formal intuitions as a formal and/or informal response to the structural need of the national economy in the era of globalisation.

Keywords: trust; migrants; self-employment; underground economy; Austria; globalisation; entrepreneurship; immigrants.

DOI: 10.1504/IJESB.2014.059473

International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 2014 Vol.21 No.2, pp.202 - 215

Available online: 21 Feb 2014 *

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