Authors: Tatiana Iakovleva; Marina Z. Solesvik
Addresses: Stavanger Centre for Innovation Research, University of Stavanger, 4036, Stavanger, Norway ' Center for Technology, Innovation and Culture (TIK), University of Oslo, Postbox 1108 Blindern, 0317 Oslo, Norway
Abstract: In the present paper, we apply the theory of planned behaviour and personal initiative taking literature to explore the entrepreneurial intentions of 266 female and 161 male respondents in Russia and Ukraine. Our findings show that the intensity of entrepreneurial intentions reported by Ukrainian students is higher than those reported by their Russian counterparts. We also find that men have higher entrepreneurial intentions then women in these countries. At the same time, gender moderates the relationship between perceived behavioural control and intentions, but not between attitude or subjective norms and intentions. We also find that personal initiative taking does not add to the explanation of entrepreneurial intentions above the variables in the theory of planned behaviour model. We discuss the possible reasons for these findings and their implications for future research.
Keywords: entrepreneurial intentions; gender; emerging economies; personal initiative taking; Russia; Ukraine; entrepreneurship; post-Soviet economies; theory of planned behaviour; TPB; personal initiatives.
International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 2014 Vol.21 No.1, pp.79 - 100
Received: 08 May 2021
Accepted: 12 May 2021
Published online: 21 Nov 2013 *