Authors: Rodoula Tryfonidou, Hermann-Josef Wagner
Addresses: Chair for Energy Systems and Energy Economics, Ruhr University Bochum, Universitaetsstr. 150, 44801 Bochum, Germany. ' Chair for Energy Systems and Energy Economics, Ruhr University Bochum, Universitaetsstr. 150, 44801 Bochum, Germany
Abstract: Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is an instrument to quantify environmental impacts of the entire energy supply chain. According to the LCA, an appropriate indicator system should comprise all steps of a system|s life cycle: production, operational and disposal processes (||cradle-to-grave||). Cumulative Energy Demand (CED) might be seen as one part of LCA as far as the depletion of energy resources in the entire life cycle of any system is concerned. Since the methodology of finding CED is very close to that of LCA, it is suggested that CED can be used to indicate environmental impacts, especially in the case of power-producing systems. With regard to these aspects, two indicators are discussed in this paper: the CED and Energy Payback Time (EPT).Both terms, CED and EPT, have been calculated for a modern 5 MW wind energy converter (WEC) for offshore use. The CED of the WEC amounts to 85,000 GJ and the EPT is about 4 months.
Keywords: wind energy; offshore use; wind energy converter; WEC; Cumulative Energy Demand; CED; Energy Payback Time; EPT; Life Cycle Assessment; LCA; wind power; renewable energy; wind turbines; environmental impact.
International Journal of Global Energy Issues, 2004 Vol.21 No.3, pp.255 - 262
Published online: 01 Dec 2004 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article