Title: Limnological changes in two shallow lakes from an urban reserve throughout a complete hydrological cycle: proposals for restoration and management

Authors: Rodrigo Sinistro; Silvia Buitrago Giraldo; Armando M. Rennella; Amancay Mamani; Irina Izaguirre

Addresses: Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Departamento de Ecología, Genética y Evolución, Universidad de Buenos Aires – IEGEBA (CONICET-UBA), Int. Güiraldes 2620, Pab. II, Ciudad Universitaria (C1428EHA), CABA, Argentina ' Instituto Universitario Politécnico, Colombiano Jaime Isaza Cadavid, Carrera 48 No 7-151 Medellín, Colombia ' Facultad de Agronomía, Departamento de Producción Animal, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Av. San Martín 4453, (C1417DSE) CABA, Argentina ' Reserva Ecológica Costanera Sur, Av. Tristán Achával Rodríguez 1550, (C1107ACR), CABA, Argentina ' Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Departamento de Ecología, Genética y Evolución, Universidad de Buenos Aires – IEGEBA (CONICET-UBA), Int. Güiraldes 2620, Pab. II, Ciudad Universitaria (C1428EHA), CABA, Argentina

Abstract: We analysed the fluctuations of the limnological variables and phytoplankton structure in two shallow lakes located in an urban ecological reserve from Buenos Aires city (Reserva Costanera Sur) during a complete hydrological cycle. The results of this investigation showed that the changes in the water level strongly affect the limnological variables and the structure of the phytoplankton communities. In both shallow lakes, the water level was inversely correlated with conductivity (p < 0.05). During the rising waters, a progressive colonisation by floating macrophytes was observed affecting the dissolved oxygen concentrations. We analysed the fluctuation of the algal groups and dominant species, evaluating the changes in the structure in the context of the phytoplankton functional groups, and we observed that the water level was one of the main variables explaining the variations in the community. We propose some alternatives for the management and restoration of the shallow lakes of this reserve.

Keywords: urban reserves; shallow lakes; phytoplankton structure; hydrological cycle; phytoplankton functional groups; restoration; water management; limnological changes; floating macrophytes; dissolved oxygen; algae; water levels.

DOI: 10.1504/IJENVH.2013.056978

International Journal of Environment and Health, 2013 Vol.6 No.4, pp.381 - 397

Available online: 03 Oct 2013 *

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