Authors: Pedro Ribeiro Novo Melo; Carolina Feliciana Machado
Addresses: School of Economics and Management, University of Minho, Campus of Gualtar, 4710-057, Braga, Portugal ' School of Economics and Management, University of Minho, Campus of Gualtar, 4710-057, Braga, Portugal
Abstract: This piece of work aims to understand the role of human resource management (HRM) at small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Portugal, as well as to contribute to a better knowledge of this area, still briefly studied. More particularly, it aims to understand the level of implementation of human resource practices in SMEs. This research in centred on the Portuguese best 1,000 SMEs. In what concerns the method, we implemented a questionnaire addressed to the enterprises managers and utterly analysed with the statistical package for social sciences. Although we can not generalise it to the national background, this study allows us to conclude that HRM is not yet a reality in SMEs. Moreover, human resources are not seen as a strategic factor for the organisation. SMEs only apply some human resources parcelled and reactive practices, without any strategic integration. However, we can affirm, even that informally, that there exist HRM in SMEs.
Keywords: small and medium-sized enterprises; SMEs; human resource management; HRM; human resources; small companies; small firms; recruitment; selection; training; development; performance appraisal; rewards; incentives; entrepreneurship; Portugal.
International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 2013 Vol.20 No.1, pp.117 - 134
Published online: 30 Apr 2014 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article