Title: Bulgarian emergency response system for release of hazardous pollutants - brief description and some examples

Authors: Angelina Brandiyska; Kostadin Ganev; Dimiter Syrakov; Maria Prodanova; Nikolai Miloshev; Georgi Gadzhev

Addresses: National Institute of Geophysics, Geodesy and Geography, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Boncev str. bl. 3, Sofia 1113, Bulgaria ' National Institute of Geophysics, Geodesy and Geography, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Boncev str. bl. 3, Sofia 1113, Bulgaria ' National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 66 Tzarigradsko Chausee, Sofia 1784, Bulgaria ' National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 66 Tzarigradsko Chausee, Sofia 1784, Bulgaria ' National Institute of Geophysics, Geodesy and Geography, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Boncev str. bl. 3, Sofia 1113, Bulgaria ' National Institute of Geophysics, Geodesy and Geography, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Boncev str. bl. 3, Sofia 1113, Bulgaria

Abstract: The present paper demonstrates some results of the system for modelling of toxic air pollution due to possible accidents in industrial sites. The emergency response system is designed to help the relevant authorities in making important decisions, concerning the evacuation of the population in case of toxic air pollution due to accidents in industrial sites. The system is based on the following models: WRF, used as meteorological pre-processor; SMOKE - the emission pre-processor; CMAQ - the chemical transport model (CTM) of the system. The numerical results demonstrate the good performance of the models and the practical value of the preparedness and fast decision mode of the system.

Keywords: air pollution; atmospheric dispersion modelling; air quality; US EPA models-3 system; toxic gases; emergency response; Bulgaria; population evacuation; evacuation decisions; decision making; industrial accidents; emergency management; WRF; SMOKE; CMAQ.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEP.2012.051175

International Journal of Environment and Pollution, 2012 Vol.50 No.1/2/3/4, pp.3 - 11

Available online: 20 Dec 2012 *

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