Authors: B.S. Saini; V.K. Gupta
Addresses: University College of Engineering, Punjabi University, Patiala (Punjab) – 147 002, India. ' University College of Engineering, Punjabi University, Patiala (Punjab) – 147 002, India
Abstract: Low alloy steels of case carburising grade are generally employed in the manufacture of various automotive components. These components have to work under fatigue loading during their service life, which occasionally results in fatigue failures. The present work is aimed at investigating the fatigue crack propagation behaviour of some commonly used low alloy steels in case carburised condition. The crack propagation mechanisms were investigated through fractographic observations on the fractured surfaces of standard fatigue test specimens failed under four-point rotating bending fatigue tests. Despite the presence of residual compressive stresses induced during case carburisation, majority of the fatigue cracks were found to initiate at the surface. Crack initiation was followed by transgranular mode of stable crack propagation for all the steels, while subsequent crack propagation behaviour was found to be dependent on the contents of alloying elements in a given steel. Steels containing higher amounts of chromium were found to exhibit greater tendency towards intergranular decohesion cracking.
Keywords: low alloy steels; fatigue failure; fractography; crack propagation; internal oxidation; residual stress; case carburising; automotive components; chromium.
International Journal of Materials Engineering Innovation, 2012 Vol.3 No.3/4, pp.330 - 339
Published online: 28 Sep 2012 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article