Title: Participatory risk management: concept and illustration

Authors: Miao Jiang; William L. McGill; Yan Cao

Addresses: College of Information Sciences and Technology, The Pennsylvania State University, 325 IST Building, University Park, PA 16802, USA. ' College of Information Sciences and Technology, The Pennsylvania State University, 102L IST Building, University Park, PA 16802, USA. ' College of Information Sciences and Technology, The Pennsylvania State University, 104D IST Building, University Park, PA 16802, USA

Abstract: This paper introduces the concept of participatory risk management (PRM), the outsourcing of parts of the risk management process to a wide audience of participants, whether from communities affected by risk or netizens willing to lend a helping (analytic) hand. PRM consists of six parts that closely follows the ISO31000 risk management framework: tasking and requirements, participatory risk identification, participatory risk analysis, participatory risk evaluation, participatory risk mitigation and communication. Each phase leverages one or more modern crowdsourcing concepts, such as participatory sensing, human computation, and games with a purpose. A potential PRM gaming system for incentivising community risk management through rewarding play is presented as an example application of PRM.

Keywords: participatory risk management; PRM gaming; ISO 31000; GWAP; human computation; participatory sensing; risk identification; risk assessment; risk evaluation; risk mitigation; communication; crowdsourcing; games.

DOI: 10.1504/IJSCCPS.2012.047700

International Journal of Social Computing and Cyber-Physical Systems, 2012 Vol.1 No.3, pp.268 - 285

Available online: 07 Jul 2012 *

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