Title: Culture and entrepreneurial efficacy: using GEM data to explore opportunity and capability in relation to firm longevity

Authors: Waata Hipango Jr.; Leo Paul Dana

Addresses: University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand. ' University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand

Abstract: Following a useful review of the literature, this article uses data obtained by the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor to investigate opportunity and also capability, in relation to firm longevity. Findings show that Māori face a distinct disadvantage in terms of firm survival, when compared to others in New Zealand. Gender is also an important explanatory variable.

Keywords: Global Entrepreneurship Monitor; GEM; entrepreneurial opportunity; Māori; New Zealand; NZ; culture; gender; entrepreneurial efficacy; firm longevity; firm survival.

DOI: 10.1504/IJESB.2012.047078

International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 2012 Vol.16 No.2, pp.199 - 222

Published online: 30 May 2012 *

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