Title: Experimental study of vortex generators effects on low Reynolds number airfoils in turbulent flow

Authors: Juan Sebastián Delnero; Julio Marañon Di Leo; Mauricio Ezequiel Camocardi; Mariano A. Martinez; Jorge L. Colman Lerner

Addresses: Laboratorio de Capa Límite y Fluidodinámica Ambiental, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, La Plata, Buenos Aires, 1900, Argentina; Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Avda. Rivadavia 1917, CP C1033AAJ, Cdad. de Buenos Aires, Argentina. ' Laboratorio de Capa Límite y Fluidodinámica Ambiental, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, La Plata, Buenos Aires, 1900, Argentina; Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Avda. Rivadavia 1917, CP C1033AAJ, Cdad. de Buenos Aires, Argentina. ' Laboratorio de Capa Límite y Fluidodinámica Ambiental, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, La Plata, Buenos Aires, 1900, Argentina; Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Avda. Rivadavia 1917, CP C1033AAJ, Cdad. de Buenos Aires, Argentina. ' Laboratorio de Capa Límite y Fluidodinámica Ambiental, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, La Plata, Buenos Aires, 1900, Argentina; Department of Aerospace Engineering, Politecnico di Torino, C.so Duca degli Abruzzi 24, Turin (10129), Italy. ' Laboratorio de Capa Límite y Fluidodinámica Ambiental, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, La Plata, Buenos Aires, 1900, Argentina

Abstract: In the present work, we study the aerodynamic effects of triangular vortex generators, as passive flow control devices, placed on the upper surface of an airfoil submitted to a low Reynolds number turbulent flow. In the experiments, different configurations of those devices have been studied. An Eppler 387 airfoil was used. The tests were performed in a turbulent boundary layer wind tunnel using a two component aerodynamic balance and flow visualisation systems. Turbulent flow characterisation was made by means of hot wire anemometry. Calculations of local turbulent intensity as well as temporal and spatial turbulent scales were made. Vortex generators were located at 10% and 20% of the airfoil chord from the leading edge, modifying its angle of incidence refereed to the free stream. The results show changes in the aerodynamic section coefficients, C1, Cd and C1, for the different vortex generator configurations. Neither hysteresis effects, nor leading edge bubbles were found in the experiments.

Keywords: turbulent flow; low Reynolds numbers; airfoils; vortex generators; aerodynamics; passive flow control; flow visualisation.

DOI: 10.1504/IJAD.2012.046539

International Journal of Aerodynamics, 2012 Vol.2 No.1, pp.50 - 65

Available online: 23 Apr 2012 *

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