Authors: Houda Zeghilet; Moufida Maimour; Nadjib Badache; Francis Lepage
Addresses: DTISI Laboratory, CERIST, Rue des Freres Aissou, Ben Aknoun Algiers, Algeria. ' CRAN Laboratory, CNRS, Nancy University, Campus Scientifique, BP 70239, 54506 Vandœvre-Lès-Nancy Cedex, France. ' LSI Laboratory, USTHB, BP 32, El Alia Bab Ezzouar, Algiers, Algeria. ' CRAN Laboratory, CNRS, Nancy University, Campus Scientifique, BP 70239, 54506 Vandœvre-Lès-Nancy Cedex, France
Abstract: Wireless Video Sensor Networks are foreseen to be of a paramount importance in realising a wide spectrum of applications, mainly surveillance, target tracking and environment monitoring. In this paper, we propose a combination of an improved clustering algorithm and Directed Diffusion (DD), a well-known data-centric routing paradigm in sensor networks. On one hand, clustering allows to save bandwidth required by rich and intensive data of video applications. On the other hand, the network lifetime is prolonged by implementing an energy-aware load-balancing feature through modifying Passive Clustering (PC) rules for building/maintaining its topology. We performed extensive computer simulations and show in this paper that our solution outperforms original DD as well as when it is combined with PC with energy considerations but without load balancing.
Keywords: WVSNs; wireless video-based sensor networks; routing; passive clustering; energy efficiency; load balancing; network lifetime; WSNs; wireless sensor networks; wireless networks; simulation.
International Journal of Sensor Networks, 2012 Vol.11 No.2, pp.67 - 80
Received: 10 Nov 2010
Accepted: 17 Jun 2011
Published online: 23 Mar 2012 *