Title: Ganges basin: an example of social conflicts regarding water resources especially in developing countries

Authors: Mohammad Zaved Kaiser Khan

Addresses: Design Circle-1, Bangladesh Water Development Board, 72, Green Road, Dhaka 1215, Bangladesh

Abstract: There are the issues of conflicts regarding water resources among the riparian countries. In this context, the Ganges River basin has been taken as a case study. Because of the unilateral withdrawal of Ganges water by India, Bangladesh is facing negatively induced socio-economic and environmental impacts. On the other hand, people from the affected area of Bangladesh crossing the porous border of India pose an issue of not less important than the problems caused in Bangladesh by the water diversion of Farakka barrage. This trans-boundary issue must be dealt with at the international forum or at the bilateral forum. Therefore, some recommendations have been presented at the end in order to resolve the conflict over this river basin.

Keywords: conflict; Ganges River; international river basins; Farakka barrage; transboundary issues; riparian countries; Bangladesh; India; Nepal; water wars; water resources; socio-economic impact; environmental impact.

DOI: 10.1504/IJSSOC.2012.044671

International Journal of Sustainable Society, 2012 Vol.4 No.1/2, pp.158 - 172

Available online: 01 Jan 2012

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