Title: The characteristics of the Triple–Helix nexus in Finnish business incubation

Authors: Rauno Rusko

Addresses: Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Lapland, P.O.B. 122, 96101 Rovaniemi, Finland

Abstract: The Triple–Helix nexus is, according to the results of this case research, a relevant framework to consider the practices and development of business incubation. This case study is based on two phases: at the general level we consider the practices of Finnish business incubators; at a more specific level we study the characteristics of the 40 most important Finnish business incubators. The contemporary incubators follow the structure of the first Finnish incubator, Technopolis Plc. in Oulu: i.e., they use the three–part structure of the Triple–Helix nexus. A special Finnish characteristic in the Triple–Helix nexus is the importance of public actors in the structure.

Keywords: Triple Helix nexus; business incubation; Technopolis; Finland; traditions; business incubators; entrepreneurship.

DOI: 10.1504/IJTE.2011.043728

International Journal of Technoentrepreneurship, 2011 Vol.2 No.3/4, pp.324 - 344

Received: 08 May 2021
Accepted: 12 May 2021

Published online: 14 Nov 2011 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article