Title: From Triple-Helix model to eco-system building model

Authors: Akio Nishizawa

Addresses: Graduate School of Economics and Management, Tohoku University, 27-1 Kawauchi, Aoba-ku, Sendai City, 980-8576, Japan

Abstract: During the final years of the 20th century, whilst new economic rejuvenating policy known as the Cloning Silicon Valley Policy in those developed countries that had lost industrial competitiveness have been actively introduced, there is no clone in Japan, although the Japanese government tried to introduce similar policies under the 1000 University Start-ups within Three Years Plan. In this paper, I want to study the reason why these new policy in Japan has resulted in such poor outcome based on the Eco-system Building Model as a supplement to the Triple Helix, with its three models.

Keywords: Austin model; Cloning Silicon Valley Policy; eco-system building model; macro-policies; meso-organisation; micro-activities; NTBFs; new technology-based firms; Triple Helix model; Japan; entrepreneurship.

DOI: 10.1504/IJTE.2011.043727

International Journal of Technoentrepreneurship, 2011 Vol.2 No.3/4, pp.304 - 323

Received: 08 May 2021
Accepted: 12 May 2021

Published online: 14 Nov 2011 *

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